An Introduction to Uncirculated Coins

Lunar Year of the Ox 2021 United Kingdom £5 Brilliant Uncirculated Coin

An uncirculated coin is simply a coin that has not entered circulation and more likely to be in better shape than a normal coin.Purchasing an uncirculated coin in any type of packaging, such as acrylic coin holders, is more desirable, because you will be more certain of the coin standard.

What makes uncirculated coins more valuable?

The value of uncirculated coins is with the finish of the coin. Uncirculated coins are much less likely to be damaged or have surface wear compared to those in circulation, which means collectors are willing to pay a premium price.

Due to the amount of time taken for them to be securely deposited, historical coins are much rarer to come across in uncirculated form, so it might be worth searching your collection to see whether you happen to own such a coin.

It’s also worth noting that many collectable sets have been released throughout the years and these are typically packaged and sealed correctly to allow them to maintain good quality.

Brilliant uncirculated vs uncirculated

So, we’ve established what uncirculated means, but what about brilliant uncirculated?

Brilliant uncirculated (or BU, B.U, B.UNC) is a term used to describe coins that are of a higher standard than circulating coins. These coins are machine fed into dies that are polished and finished by hand and then struck twice. BU coins are typically produced in base metal but there are some that are issued in gold and silver.

Proof coins

You may be even more confused when you come across the term ‘proof’ for a description of a coin.

Peter Rabbit 2017 UK 50p Silver Proof Coin

A proof coin is similar to an uncirculated coin, but by using a hand-finished die and being hand fed into the press, it finishes to a much higher quality. To ensure the finer features of the pattern are captured, the coins are then hit up to six times under lower pressure.

‘Piedfort’ coins

A piedfort coin is simply a special type of proof coin that is double the weight of the standard proof version of the coin. These coins are usually struck in silver and sometimes gold and are more expensive.

Bullion coins

Bullion coins are completely different from the other types of coin mentioned in this list, as they are purely an investment item.

Bullion coins are valued solely for the quantity of precious metal they carry and are only struck with platinum, gold and silver. There is little importance to the standard of these coins, but it is usually similar to a brilliant uncirculated coin.

Reference: The Coin Expert

History and Symbolism of Celtic Jewellery

Out of the many other metal pieces of jewellery that have evolved into the modern world, Celtic design Jewellery is one among them. The origin of Celtic jewellery dates back to between 2000 BC to around 550 AD and the symbols utilized in their jewellery go as far back as 3,000 BC. Celtic jewellery was created by the Celts using bronze, copper and gold and gave it a sense of uniqueness and deep spiritual meaning.

The Celts spread across Western and Central Europe for over 1,000 years but their actual descendants are spread in Ireland, Scotland and Wales. The name Keltois (Celts) to the alliance of tribal nations was given by the traditional Greeks.

Hair-pins, buttons, brooches, necklaces, bracelets, sword belts and harnesses are some accessories used to fasten clothes and for adornments. The Celtic style of design was embedded into these ornaments which are of great importance till date.

The symbols used in Celtic jewellery are very much related to Paganism – an early Christianity and has deep reference to nature. Some of the best known Celtic symbols are:

Triquetra, also known as the Tri-symbol, 3 circles – 3 knots represents the Mind, Body, Spirit; Earth, Sea, Sky; and the stages of life – Beginning, Middle and End. Also, the Wicca represents the sacred feminine.

Mix with circle – also known as the Celtic cross was created by St. Patrick when he introduced Christianity to the Celts (Pagans). The circle represents the sun, very much the centre of Pagan’s lives. It was to convert Pagans to Christianity.

Celtic knots – the knot symbol represents the never-ending phases of life and love, the changing of seasons and the journey of the Sun around the Earth. It stands for eternity.

These ornaments were extremely heavy and dramatic earlier but the modern days have changed it to be more wearable to the kind of lifestyle today. Lighter materials like silver and pewter are used to attain the standard designs and symbols of the Celtic jewellery.

These symbols portray one’s personality and not gender. Hence making them unisex. Celtic jewellery can be a great gift to your loved ones.